Most people who wish to help their fiance(e) immigrate to US have a doubt on what form to file, whether K1 visa or Form I 130. It depends on the the length of the relationship, the supporting evidence, the number of times the sponsor or the petitioner has physically met their fiance(e), are few of the considerations to file the appropriate form.
Only the citizens of the US may file a K1 visa for a fiance(e). If you are a legal permanent resident you may then have to file Form I 130 to petition your spouse. A K1 visa is issued to the fiance(e) of a United States citizen to enter the US and marry the United Citizen within 90 days after the entry of the fiance(e) into US. A K3 visa is used by a US citizen to bring his or her spouse to the US. Form I 130 is used by a US Citizen or a legal permanent resident to petition his or her spouse for a green card.
The average waiting time for K1 visa is approximately 7-9 months, K-3 petitions take approximately 8-10 months and Form I 130 petitions take approximately 8-12 months to be processed.
What Form Must I File?
If you are a US Citizen and you wish to bring your fiance(e) to US to get married you must file K1 visa application. On approval of the petition by the US Citizen, the fiance(e) may travel to United States for a period of 90 days. A K-1 visa requires a fiance(e) to marry his or her US citizen sponsor within 90 days of entry into the United States. The fiance(e) may then obtain work permit to work in the United States. It is mandatory that the US Citizen and the fiance(e) must be married within the 90 days period , so that the fiance(e) will be eligible to apply to adjust status to a lawful permanent resident.
If you are a US Citizen and you wish to bring your spouse to US then you must file K3 visa application. You can apply for a K-3 visa for your spouse only after you have filed the I-130 petition. Your spouse can enter the US on a K3 visa while the I-130 is pending and must apply to adjust status to a permanent resident with the USCIS upon approval of the petition.
Form I 130 is used by either by a US Citizen or a Legal Permanent Resident to petition their spouse to immigrate to United States. This process is a lengthy process when compared to that of K1 and other processes.
A K1 visa holder will not be able work or leave the country until they apply for adjustment of status. When they file for adjustment of status, applications for employment and travel will also have to be filed. After 90 days of filing the petition, the spouse may be able to travel and work.
A K-3 visa is a multiple-entry visa and the spouse may travel out of the country. The K 3 visa holder must apply for an EAD/work permit and it has to be filed along with the adjustment of status application.
Once the adjustment of status application is approved, the applicant acquires legal permanent resident status. They may then obtain employment immediately and also travel outside the country.
Forensic Animation- Forensic Computer Animation
Forensic animation is a category of 3D animation that is used for re-creating crime scenes, criminal events, accidents or disasters that have caused death. There is a wide range of uses for forensic computer animation, as forensic scientists work with investigators to gather all the relevant facts of a case and build a provable explanation of what happened and who might be at fault. There are many forensic events that can be useful to re-create in 3D, such as automobile or vehicular accidents, building, bridge or crane collapse, deadly assaults with weapons or the failure of a mechanical device that has caused a crash, explosion or fire.
To begin a forensic animation, facts must be compiled from as many sources as possible both investigative and scientific. Eyewitness accounts, photographs of the scene, statements from emergency responders and police detectives must be combined with reports from experts in relevant fields, such as weapons experts, engineers, scientists, forensic experts, etc. By combining all of the information from these sources it is possible to do a crime scene recreation or accident scene reconstruction.
Animators take these documents and use them to build accurate photorealistic 3D models of all the necessary objects in a scene. Then the items are placed accurately within a 3D environment. Once the proper textures, surfaces and colors are added, decisions must be made regarding lighting and camera placement. In many cases, facts that have been turned into a realistic and accurate 3D forensic animation can help determine culpability. The advantage of building a 3D forensic animation of scenes and objects is that the camera can then move around the scene freely to show relevant information. This can be very helpful as demonstrative evidence in the courtroom as it can help jurors to more clearly understand the facts of the case.
Forensic animation is only as accurate as the verifiability of the data that was used to build them. Important details such as direction and speed of a vehicle prior to impact in a car crash for example, must be added to a long list of other important facts. Everything from the point of contact, to weather conditions, to reports from engineers who have studied tire tracks and the vehicles after impact can be important factors in the case and should be included in the forensic animations of the scene.
Forensic animations are being accepted more and more in courtrooms around the U.S. It can be extremely difficult to explain to jurors the facts of a case without visual aids to increase their understanding and retention of the facts. The overall use of 3D animation in courtrooms is still not as high as it could be due to several myths about the process of animation.
Because of our movie going experience with special effects, there is a pre-conceived notion that 3D animations are largely products of the animator’s imagination. However, trained forensic animators spends as much as 70% of their project hours on tracking down and verifying the data they are using to re-create the scene. At each and every phase, from building the models and objects to the planned movement of those objects, and the environment they are shown in, every detail must relate and correspond directly with the investigative facts, eyewitness reports, photographs, and expert testimony.
When it comes to forensic animation, very little is left to imagination. Even if the animator is provided with few facts, if there are enough essential details they can use science, such as the laws of physics, or geometry to determine the rest.
3D animation should only be created for use in the courtroom under the following circumstances. It must adhere to and support testimony of expert witnesses and that expert should be involved in the creation of the animation in its planning stages. The use of the animation must be disclosed in advance of the trial date, with enough time for the opponent to cross examine the evidence. The animator must be an objective party that fairly and accurately has conveyed the evidence as dictated by the expert witnesses and litigators.
Workplace accidents happen more than what people realize. If a workplace accident should happen to you and you live in New York, you will need a New York workplace accident lawyer. If you hire a New York workplace accident lawyer, you will be more likely to get the compensation that you deserve for your time lost at work and any pain or suffering.
Do You Need to Hire a New York Workplace Accident Lawyer?
If you got hurt on the job, and you end up losing time at work and have medical bills because of the accident, you need to hire a New York workplace accident lawyer. Additionally, if you filed for Worker’s Compensation and were denied, you need to hire a New York workplace accident lawyer. You will also need a New York workplace accident lawyer is if you are discriminated against because you got hurt on the job. An example of this would be having your hours cut or getting fired because you got hurt on the job. If you want to get all the compensation you deserve after getting hurt on the job, hire a New York workplace accident lawyer.
Workplace Accident Cases
There are many types of workplace injuries that could occur where you would need an accident lawyer.
* Slips and trips. Many work related accidents are from slipping and tripping over work tools or on wet floors. Many times there are even just dents in the floor of your workplace that could cause you to trip and get hurt. If you fall at work, and get hurt, be sure to contact a New York workplace accident lawyer.
* Falling from heights. Falling from heights is a common injury, especially on construction jobs. If you get hurt from falling from heights on a construction job, make sure to call a New York Construction Injury Lawyer.
* Objects falling. Objects falling from heights or off shelves are another common workplace injury. Contact a New York workplace accident attorney, so that you can be recompensed for any medical expenses, loss time at work, and your pain and suffering.
There are other ways to get hurt on the job, such as electrocution or getting hurt in a car accident on the way to work or in a company vehicle. It does not matter how you got hurt on the job, make sure to get a contact a New York workplace accident attorney if you got hurt.
Finding a New York Workplace Accident Attorney
If you have a workplace related accident, you can find a New York workplace accident attorney by look through your local phone book, watching local television commercials or searching the Internet. Once you find a few accident attorneys, be sure to talk to more than one so you will pick the right New York workplace accident attorneys. There are different accident lawyers that specialize in different types of personal injury. You want the best New York workplace accident attorney that will get you the most compensation for your injuries.
Executive Summary We advise our clients who have asset protection issues to use a Belize Trust. The assets of a Belize Trust are immune from the decisions of a foreign court. This includes, bankruptcy courts, family courts, civil judgements and fraudulent conveyance allegations. Anything the foreign (Non Belize) court does is irrelevant when it comes to Belize Trust Assets contained in Belize. The catch all that lawyers like to use is the fraudulent conveyance allegation. They sometimes get the home country court to make a ruling that there was a fraudulent conveyance. Any order, decision, ruling, etc. from a foreign court is a big zero when it comes to the Belize Trust in that it has no legal value concerning Belize Trust assets. When one opens a bank account in Belize using a Belize Trust the banks tend to force issues regarding trust paper work to weaken the trust. So we do not have the Belize Trust open the bank account to preserve the privacy and asset protection value of the trust. What we do is use a Belize Corporation or other corporation from another country to open the bank account. The shares of the corporation are then titled to the Belize Trust and this is documented. This makes the corporation and corporate bank account property of the Belize Trust and thus immune from the decisions of a foreign court. Any such judgments from a foreign court cannot be domesticated or enforced in Belize against Belize Trust Assets. This is the only Trust that has this provision. No other trusts have a statutory exemption against fraudulent conveyance allegations. We will review some conditions for collecting a foreign judgement if the assets are not owned by a Belize Trust, just a regular corporation. If the assets are owned by a Belize Trust they are safe so there is nothing further to talk about.
Belize Corporation Bank Accounts One needs to remember that a personal judgment is not a judgment against a corporation. These offshore corporations legally in the eyes of the law have their own separate liabilities and assets. They are separate and distinct judicial persons. Just because you own the stock, it does not mean your debts transfer to the corporation. The ownership of these anonymous bearer share corporations is not recorded in any public registry or database. It is not easy for a creditor or financial enemy to submit evidence to the court to establish ownership. Even if ownership was established there are a number of other obstacles facing your financial enemies.
Foreign Judgment Reciprocity Belize will only recognize the judgments of a country that recognizes their judgments in their own courts on an equal basis with the way Belize treats their judgments. They tend to favor British Colonies in this regard. Other conditions that must be met to enforce a judgment in Belize follow:
Judgment has to be no older than six years.
Judgment must be final. Time for appeals has expired.
Judgment needs to be from a Superior Court of the country. Municipal court judgments may be difficult or impossible to enforce.
The court had correct jurisdiction over the matter.
The matter was not previously and correctly decided in another court.
The debtor was duly served according to the laws of that country and had ample time to respond.
If the plaintiff and defendant had an agreement to settle disputes in a matter differently than using the court that issued judgment, then the judgment may be not admissible in Belize. Thus the two parties may have agreed that proper venue would be country B, yet the plaintiff sued in country A. The agreement may have called for arbitration yet the plaintiff just sued. This sort of thing could cause the denial of the judgment.
If the judgment is for a fine, penalties or taxes it might be disallowed.
Summary It is most difficult to litigate against an offshore corporation where the underlying debt is against a person or another corporation. If you use a Belize Trust you become safe from the decisions of any foreign court including fraudulent conveyance as long as the assets are contained in Belize and thus under Belize law. In any event the conditions required for a judgment to be enforceable in Belize can be onerous and expensive from the perspective of a judgment creditor. Lawyers in Belize and the country of the judgment would be needed and double legal billing gets costly right away. If the debtor realizes there is a pending action he will remove the assets from Belize right away which thwarts the efforts of the creditor and the money he has spent is wasted. This is something not seen very often.
A will is a legally binding contract that is widely considered one of the most important documents you will ever sign. The majority of parents with children actually do not have a will and without one you will not be able to allocate your children any benefits. The general consensus is that after death the eldest family member will have control of your estate, however the reality is this will be decided in court and a judge will end up with the final say. Here are three fantastic reasons to update your will.
Over the years you may have developed new relationships with people and organisations, such as finding a new partner or becoming a member of a charity or church. You may want to adjust your will to eliminate any old relationships so that they will no longer receive your benefits upon death. Newborns can be listed as beneficiaries and children who have reached adolescents can be listed as executors.
Income and Assets
You may have listed your car, estate or business in your will and these assets may have changed. Even if you have not sold any of these assets, the value has still changed, for instance your car depreciates and your business grows in revenue. As such the insured amount listed on your will is going to be different and a lot of complications can arise when dealing with these matters after death.
The location where you created your will is governed by state laws. If you have changed location since then, you will need to consult an attorney to find the legitimacy of your will. State laws can be very different from each other and have different qualifying requirements.
Laws change all the time and you will want to keep up to date with any legislation affecting your will. The best way is to visit an attorney of the state who can help to validate your will for you and inform you of any changes in law.
The best way to keep up to date is to simply have a yearly check up. Law firms specialising in estate battles can review your will and can work with you to successfully create your ideal will. At the end of the financial year is when most changes take place and is the best time to review your estate, assets, income, superannuation and all other elements that fall into your will.
List down a checklist and consider the following 10 points: children, marriage/separation, death of beneficiaries, location changes, circumstantial changes, state laws, taxation law, time since last review, new business and income increase/decrease.
Your will dictates where your assets will go after death and without one a judge will decide for you. This includes ownership of children under the matured age. If you would like to know more or if you are ready to take another look at your will then jump online and search for a law firm that specialises in estate battles.
Sadly, swimming pool injuries and drowning deaths occur at a very high rate. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that everyday there are at least 10 pool related injuries or deaths that occur. What is even more alarming is the fact that 20 percent of these incidents occur to children under the age of 14, and of that 20 percent, a majority of the events happen to children between the ages of one and four.
In most cases, a personal injury attorney would handle a case surrounding a pool injury or drowning death. However, some of these cases can become complicated and may be in the best interest of the injury victim or their family to consider using a personal injury attorney that is very familiar with, or only handles, pool injuries or drowning claims.
— Injuries Associated with Pool Injuries and Drowning —
There are many different types of injuries that can occur in a swimming area. However, head trauma from falling and brain damage from loss of oxygen while underwater are the most common injuries. People who are submerged under water and become oxygen starved can suffer with one or more of the following issues:
Limited brain functions
Loss of use of one or more limbs
Personality changes usually resulting in quick temperedness
Permanent serious brain damage
Additional issues may arise from these types of injuries that are less common based on the individual that suffered the injury.
Many of these injuries require life-long therapy and care. Individuals that have been injured in a swimming pool or hot tub area accident and their families should seek competent legal representation to seek compensation to cover the costs of care.
— Factors That Contribute to Drowning Deaths and Pool Injuries —
Pool areas can be dangerous, especially for children. There are many reasons that a pool injury or drowning can occur. Some of the more common reasons include;
Failure to place a safety cover or fence off the pool area
Failure to keep pool area fence locked
Lack of adult supervision around to pool at all times
Lack of warning signs around the pool area
Failure to provide lifeguards for public swimming areas
Failure to mark the depths correctly in the pool
It should be note that accidents and drownings involving children under four years old occur most often in their own home.
— Pool Safety Tips —
The effects of injuries associated with pool injuries are often suffered for a life time. Taking a few simple precautions may allow you to avoid the tragedy of pool related injuries or accidental drownings.
-If you own a pool, make sure that everyone in your home can swim. You can begin with lessons for children as young as six months.
-Establish pool rules. These rules should include:
oNever swimming without an adult present
oNever swimming alone
oNo diving, even in the deep end of the pool
oNo running around the outside of the pool
oStay away from the pool cover always
oAlways keep pool chemicals locked away
-If your pool is located outside, you will want to have a four foot fence with a gate that can be locked installed around the pool. You may also wish to lock the gate to your backyard. You must take precautions against neighborhood children entering your pool without your knowledge.
-Take a pool safety class and know how to properly perform CPR. This will be very helpful if an accident should occur. In fact, everyone who is old enough in your household should have CPR training.
— The Statute of Limitations —
When you have been injured in a pool related accident, or if your loved one lost their life to an accidental drowning, you must understand that there is a limited amount of time for you to seek compensation.
The Statue of Limitations are laws that are in place that limit the amount of time a person has to seek compensation for a personal injury. These limitations vary from state to state and can be as little as six months from the time of the injury. On average, the Statute of Limitations for seeking compensation for a personal injury is two years.
If you do not file a claim for compensation before the Statute of Limitation expires, you will not be able to seek compensation for your injury and losses. It is important to speak with a personal injury law firm about your rights as soon as possible after an accident occurs so that your rights as a victim are protected.
— Speak to a Lawyer Immediately About Your Rights —
If you or your loved one has been injured in a pool or spa related incident, you may have specific rights to seek compensation for your injuries and losses. You will want to talk to a lawyer who is knowledgeable about these types of cases and their respective injuries. During your initial consultation, it will be explained what rights you have as an injury victim and what types of compensation you are entitled to under your state laws.
Over the course of history women have been given custody of children after a divorce more often than men. This used to be seen almost as an automatic right. This has changed slightly in recent times though, with Fathers given significantly more rights when it comes to looking after children post-divorce. This applies to both custody and visitation rights if their ex-wife has been given custody. A Fathers role in the development of children is taken much more seriously than in previous times. Family Law states that Fathers have equal rights to Mothers and each decision should be made on its specific merits.
Statistics show that women get custody more than men though. What is the reason for this? It could be that there is still some bias towards women by judges, who assume that Mothers make better parents. On the other hand it could just be that Mothers tend to more often be in the position where the children living with them would be more appropriate.
After a divorce there are many factors that are taken into consideration when deciding which parent should get custody of the children. Each parents employment status can be a very important factor. If one parent works full-time and the other doesnt work at all, it may be deemed best that the children live with the parent who does not work. This is because (s)he has more time to be able to devote towards the children. This may be one reason why women gain custody more often than men; it is more common for women to be stay-at-home parents than men, although this is not as common as it once was. A decision is most likely to be based on this reason if the situation was the same when the couple were married, and this parent has spent more time with their children as a consequence. The decision can in some cases be made the other way round, with the parent who does work being deemed to be in a more financially stable situation. This is not always the case because this parent will usually be required to make maintenance payments to help the other parent bring up their children.
The situation each parent finds themselves in and the stability of this situation is also important. This can depends on employment as well as other factors, such as lifestyle. If one parent has medical or psychological problems, then they may not be deemed the best parent to bring up the children. If one parent has re-married it could work either way. It may be seen as a negative to have someone else playing a part in their upbringing so soon after their parents have separated, but it could also be decided that this is a better family environment to bring children up in. A criticism of the system is that too much of the decision comes down to the opinions of a particular judge, and no matter how much Family Law stipulates what should happen, everyone has certain biases.
Andrew Marshall (c)
With information governance recognised as an essential part of managing an efficient and high quality business, it is vital that organisations and individuals understand the importance of the concept and understand the way in which information is handled and transferred into and out of their organisation. Vital to understanding your own information management processes is the act of data mapping. This is now a key element for NHS bodies looking to demonstrate compliance against the information governance (IG) Toolkit standards.
Data mapping is an effective way to chart the flow of information into and out of an organisation and subsequently identify any high risk areas, allowing for the development of guidance to minimise these risks. The IG toolkit suggests that there are four key elements that need to be considered when mapping data;
1. Data Type
According to the Information Governance Toolkit guidelines, the types of data that should be mapped include such items as:
– Appointment letters – Birth notifications – Adoption records – Employment records – Personnel records – Payslips – Client surveys
This list is by no means exhaustive and as you start to think about the data that moves into and out of your organisation, you will appreciate that there is a great deal of information transferred.
There is also specific guidance available on the types of data that do not need to be mapped, an exclusion list, this includes items such as:
– Telephone conversations – Face to face discussions – Video conferencing
2. Data Format
The next thing to consider is the format that data is stored and transferred in; this includes both digital and hard copy data such as letters, x-rays, MP3 files, CDs, emails
3. Transfer methods
Again, the way in which data is transferred can include anything from courier delivery, faxes and internal documents being carried by staff to another department.
When considering locations you need to think exactly where data is coming from and where it is going to, both internally and externally. For example: Schools, patients’ homes, other NHS organisations or departments, prison services etc.
Once you have considered all of the above points the next step is to map all of the different combinations of the 4 elements so that ultimately you are able to produce a clear and easy to understand map of exactly what, how and where information is transferred.
But the task doesn’t stop there, the next step is to analyse this map to identify any high risk areas where information security procedures could potentially be breached, you should then go on to produce guidance to minimise these risks to ensure that following your data mapping exercise your systems and mechanisms for data transfer are secure, efficient and appropriate.
The IG toolkit guidance suggests that within smaller organisations, all of the above could be carried out by one individual, who knows all of the processes involved in transferring data. However in larger organisations it is advised that a number of individuals contribute to this exercise to ensure that knowledge around specific department practices and procedures is shared, to enable a full understanding of the data transfer processes throughout the organisation.
Legal separation is where a married couple legally separate without getting divorced. During this legal process decisions regarding children (such as custody, visitation rights and maintenance payments) and financial issues (such as debt, mortgages and assets) are decided upon. It is really an official separation, going further than simply living apart but not as far as getting a divorce. After a legal separation a couple are still legally married but live separate lives. They are formally living apart and the courts may be used if there are any disputes.
In some ways a legal separation is like a divorce, with the most obvious reason being that the couple are not living together. If a couple have children similar arrangements need to be made as they would were they divorcing, either through agreement or through the courts. Where each spouse lives and who pays for it needs to be established as does who has access to shared funds or assets.
So, why do couples choose legal separation instead of just getting divorced? Some opt for this because they dont like the idea of getting divorced, possibly for religious reasons or they dont want the stigma of being divorced. Often couples use legal separation as a trial to see if they would like to stay together or divorce. It gives them time and space to make a decision. They may find that living apart makes them realise they miss each other and want things to return to the way they were, or they may want to be separated permanently. Sometimes legal separation leads to divorce, sometimes it leads to reconciliation and sometimes they remain separated without getting divorced.
Although some couples remain separated for good without divorcing, this is fairly rare. If they are not going to remain together as a couple most will prefer to cut their ties with each other. Another important consideration is that while still married, they are unable to marry anyone else.
So, is legal separation necessary or can couples simply live separately without the legal process? Well, they can if they wish, but it is not always that simple. Whether that is preferable depends on an individual couples situation and preferences. Legal separation can be more complex in some ways due to the legal processes that must be gone through. But, on the other hand, it can also simplify things as they will both know where they stand on certain issues.
Beatrice Sareen (c)
Indian weddings are full of zest and joy and to make them all the more enjoyable a lot of games are played during the different ceremonies. This way the seriousness of an Indian matrimony ceremony gets lightened. These games are meant to elevate the mood and to raise affection and understanding between members of the two families.
Heres a brief description of different games played during an Indian wedding:
1. Fish the Ring
Fish the ring signifies who will rule the roost in the home front. This game is played when the couple appears as man and wife before the family gathering for the first time. In this game, the bride and groom are supposed to take off their rings and put them in a pot of clear water with rose petals in it. As both the rings settle, the newly-weds are asked to churn the water as enthusiastically as possible. After they take out their hands out of the water, everyone looks at the water. If the bride lags behind in the game, it determines that she will be obedient wife. If the grooms ring remains in the water, he will be wrapped around her finger.
At times, the rings are placed in a pot of milk and the couples are asked to `fish`. Whosoever is able to find the ring first will always have the upper hand in the marriage!
2. Hiding the Shoes
This game is played when the couple reaches the mandap for the `pheras` and the groom removes his shoes. The friends and sisters / brothers of the bride hide his shoes. After the Pheras, when the groom gets up to leave the mandap, the bridesmaids surround him and demand an shocking sum of money in exchange for his shoes. Then the friends and brothers of the groom beg and plead to give the shoes back and to reduce the sum of the money asked. After the stupid arguments, the groom pays the ransom and is allowed to put on his shoes.
3. Going Home
This game is played at the grooms house. The entrance of the house is blocked by the sisters of the groom to welcome the bride. The sisters pretending to be helpful point out a covered heap to the bride. They ask their sister-in-law to bow her head to it before entering. The bride, who is already nervous and anxious, obliges and dutifully bows her head. After befooling the bride, the cover is pulled off to expose a pile of old footwear cleverly arranged in a mound.
This ceremony does have a purpose – with this laughter, the ice is broken and the new bride feels more comfortable and finds a roomful of friends.
4. You Touch My Heart
Another game that is played during a wedding is You touch my heart. This game is mainly enjoyed by the women on the brides side. In this game, several round slots are made with a saree, which is wide enough for a hand to pass through. The saree is held lengthwise and bride and bridesmaid stand behind it stand. All the girls in the room thrust their hand upto the wrist out of the holes. On the other side stands the groom and from there he is only able to see an array of hands. The main challenge for him in this game is to search for his bride`s hands and he gets three chances for it. If he fails in the game, he has to pay a `fine`.
While, the celebrations have been constantly changing through out the institution of marriage and society, there are certain ceremonies and rituals that had been constant in marriage mantras. And such games make the ceremonies all the more pleasurable. They not only add fun to a marriage ceremony but each game aims at bringing the bride and the groom and their families closer. Not only this, they also make it easier for the bride and the groom to get comfortable with each others family and friends. Thought these days, many new games are coming for the bride and the groom to play together but some of the traditional games are still played religiously in many Indian weddings.