Visa Application Service Advantages

Visa application has been a constant problem for people who love to visit other countries. One has to pass through a long process with proper legal documents and passports to apply for visas. Also the filling process at the immigration offices is not very easy because it takes days and days to get the approval for your visa application. So it`s up to you if you think that you are able to fill in your visa application on your own than you might have a lot of patience, but if you feel like it`s not your job and you need someone to do that for you than you should go for some specialists that can really help you, offering you a smaller possibility of failure or mistake.

Here is the solution to your problems; there are many places which are opened to provide such facilities to customers not only for Russian visas, but also for some other visas like French visa, Angola visa, Lebanon visa, Brazil Visa, Canada visa and many others. So what you have to do is simply connect to these sites and choose the location and type of visa you want for your trip, and they`ll ask you to fill in some details because they need to submit certain legal documents.

Now, your work will be done by professionals who can guarantee you quality. You`ll get the visa in the promised time, without going from one embassy to another, without waiting in long queues, without wasting your free time. Of course you have to pay a certain fee which can vary from one website to another, but you`ll see that you`ll be happy to pay this amount to keep your calm. If you have experienced this kind of experience you would understand that it is a small fee for your patience.

These sites offer comfort to their customers and provide them all kind of services related to visa. You`ll see that calling on these sites will be the best decision you have take. Moreover these websites will be available to you every day, 24 hours, so you can fill in the application form whenever you want from any part of the world, because all they created all the necessary conditions.

In conclusion, it`s better for you to take into account new options because in this way you`ll fasten the application process and you`ll get your visa on time, without losing your precious time, just sitting in front of your computer and deciding what is the best for you.

Canada Immigration Consultant In Hyderabad

Immigration can be described as an act allows a foreigner to access the territory of overseas nations frequently and settle there permanently. The purpose of immigration can be different entirely depends on the intended applicants personal goal. However, they all have a common desire to get permanent residence in a foreign country. Meanwhile, the complication in immigration process certainly cant be ignored while explaining it one must be well aware of entire process to overcome this.

Planning for Canada immigration is often described as a great effort but, it is also need to be kept in mind that the country grants immigration visa only a limited number of people who successfully qualify the arduous eligibility criteria and capable of providing all the required documents. Those who are residing in Hyderabad, known for lavishing life and mouth watering meals, can reduce their stress at some extents by getting in touch with various immigration experts, while sucking into a stringent immigration work out. The Canada Immigration Consultant in Hyderabad is well identified for their quality of services at affordable costs.

The immigration experts in Hyderabad are known for providing the best assistance in choosing the right visa that suits clients work profile by focusing on various opportunities related to their occupation available in the country. Established a great goodwill in the market for catering desires of getting permanent resident in foreign countries of aspirants, the Canada Immigration Consultant in Hyderabad gave a reason to people to expand their horizon and dream more.

Being a great highlight of Immigration Consultant in Hyderabad, Abhinav, a well established name in immigration service, is one among a large number of immigration consultancies claimed immense success in fulfilling the desire of customers by making their task of obtaining immigration visa successful. Serving customers with full assurance of getting positive outcome is something projected as a great aspect of Abhinavs immigration service that allows clients to go through lots of immigration options in terms of countries like Australia, Canada, Denmark, UK, USA, Lithuania, Latvia and many more.

Ventured into the Immigration business in 1994, Abhinav tops in reliability and credited for offering immense success to the customers by offering the best solution. Apart from being the best Immigration Consultancy in Hyderabad, Abhinav established its branches in various other cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Bangalore, and highlighted success as a tradition of the consultancy.

Run by Mr. Ajay Sharma, identified as a Principle Immigration Consultant, Abhinav earned expertise in understanding the world of its clients and offers the best possible service by knowing their needs at reasonable costs. Moreover, those who are not able to decide which country will be the best destination or which visa program will be the most suitable for them, Abhinav serves them passionately by offering plethora of options unless they choose the best suitable option.

Second Passport AND Second Citizenship Programs

Introduction – For as little as $50,000 (total fee, complete) you can obtain a citizenship with passport in one of the Latin American Nations we work with. We do NOT work with Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, Bolivia or French Guiana. These would be established and well respected nations. Time frame is 21 to 30 days, depending on the program. Passports are good for Visa free travel to Central and South America, European Union, most of Africa, and Asia. These passports are NOT good for visa free travel to USA or Canada. We offer nothing for the USA or Canada. You do have to come to the issuing country for four days to get started. This is for fingerprints, photographs and signatures. At the end of the process you return for another four days. Documents are issued directly to you from government offices in government buildings. Everything we do is lawful.
Economic Citizenships This is just one approach of several that can be used to obtain a second citizenship and passport. There are other approaches available as well. There are one or two countries offering economic based citizenships that like to state that they have the only lawful way to a second passport or a second citizenship. These statements are 100% untrue and are nothing more than marketing noise generated by the sellers of such services. We do offer legal programs for citizenships.
Diplomatic Passports These can be obtained as well. Time frame is 30-60 days. They also include a citizenship for life. The fee is $95,000 for one person. There is no family plan, sorry. These passports carry full diplomatic immunity and are issued for five years. To learn more about Diplomatic Passports please go here:
Diplomatic Passports
Sealed Private Name Changes – You can also affect a sealed in court records name change (extra fee of $15,000) for your new second citizenship. This can only be dome after the new country has jurisdiction over you. This occurs when you have your new citizenship. This takes an additional 30 to 60 days. No one will be able to go into any public database or public records and see that you had a name change. The name change feature makes these passports desirable for offshore banking. These countries do not tax any offshore-derived income so opening up bank accounts using your new identity is quite easy even in the most desirable jurisdictions like Switzerland, Singapore and Hong Kong.
Countries For Visa Free Travel The countries vary slightly regarding visa free travel. This is a general idea of the countries, which the passport will allow visa free travel into:
European Union (Schengen) Visa Free Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK.
European Union (Non-Schengen) Visa Free Andorra, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro.
Central America, South America and Caribbean Nations Visa Free Anguilla, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guinea, Greenland, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Barthes, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Asia Visa Free Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Timor-Leste, Turkey.
Oceania (Polynesia) Visa Free Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tuvalu, Wallis and Futuna.
Africa Visa Free Cape Verde, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Kenya, Madagascar, Mayetta, Mozambique, Reunion, Seychelles, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.
Documents Needed You need a passport and driver license. You must be able to travel to come here in Guatemala and to the country issuing you the citizenship.
Time Frame You start out by visiting our executive offices in the country you are seeking a passport/citizenship. You can come for 4-5 days and then leave returning in 21 days when the process is complete.
Fee The fee is $50,000 for one person, complete. The applicant pays their own airfare, hotel and meals.
Family Plan We can process a couple for $75,000. For children please inquire.
Payment The fee can be paid 50% at onset of work and 50% at completion. We do accept wire transfers and cash. Wires are sent to the law firm and are covered by attorney client privilege. Checks or Bank checks take 30 days to clear so we do not accept them.
Questions Welcome.

A Criminal Defence Lawyer Explains How To Get Your Charges Withdrawn Or Stayed

If you have been charged with a criminal offence in Canada, you may be wondering what the options are for getting rid of your charges. Obviously, you can make a plea or have a trial. However, in some cases, there are other options such as having your charges withdrawn by the crown attorney or stayed. This article explains what those two terms mean.

When can the crown withdraw a charge?

The crown attorney has the right to withdraw any criminal charge before an accused person enters a plea in open court.

If you have already entered a plea, the crown attorney can still withdraw a charge, but the court must also agree that withdrawing the charge is appropriate.

If the crown tries to relay the charge after the charge has been withdrawn, the court may intervene to ensure there is no abuse of process.

Any attempt to relay a criminal charge after a withdrawal by the crown attorney should be discussed with your defence lawyer because any decision by the crown to prosecute after a charge was withdrawn may require a legal application to be brought before the court.

What about a stay of the charges? The crown attorney may also stay the proceedings as of right at any time before a final judgment is rendered. A stay of proceedings stops the prosecution proceedings immediately. The court has no power to intervene to require the continuation of the prosecution. Once a stay of proceedings is entered, the accused can also automatically be released from detention.

A stay of proceedings is an excellent outcome for the accused person. However the crown does have the power to recommence the prosecution after a stay of proceedings has been entered. This is why you should discuss with your criminal defence lawyer whether or not it is possible to obtain a withdrawal of charges rather than a stay of proceedings.

Sometimes, an experienced defence lawyer can persuade the crown to agree to withdraw the charges rather than entering a stay of proceedings.

How is either a stay or a withdrawal achieved? In many cases, these excellent outomes ocur because your criminal defence lawyer has negotiated with the crown attorney. Under Canadian law, the Crown must not proceed with the case if there is “no reasonable prosect” succeeding at trial. In the right case, an experienced criminal defence lawyer can demonstrate to the crown attorney that the crown’s case is doomed and should not continue.

Why Legal Advice Matters

Life is all about decisions! Our day to day life involves a lot of decision-making that could pertain to investments in property or financial products, filing income tax returns, matrimonial alliances, divorce, alimony, child support, adoption, separation, consumer matters, automobile claims, inheritance and many more. Anyone who is in the midst of taking a decision in any of the above matters must be well prepared. With easy access to information, things have become simpler; but without the support of a well-qualified and experienced legal advisor, one might not be able to use the available information in the most tactful manner.

Are we really adept at taking the right decision as and when required? Probably not! We need legal help in most matters. For instance, a person going through divorce would need suggestion on matters such as, alimony or child support. We need legal assistance in a multitude of matters. It is not always feasible to engage a different lawyer for each specialized area, as the expenses can be really high! In such cases, it makes more sense to get in touch with a law firm, which has expert lawyers in different verticals, on their panel. Like other professions, the legal profession is also highly specialized. A lawyer, who usually handles inheritance cases, might not be a good help in issues pertaining to business laws. Hence, it is essential to get appropriate legal help. A law firm usually gives access to specialised services of lawyers as per their domain expertise. Moreover, laws may vary from one region to another.

A legal advisor can offer apt legal assistance in all matters. It is always wise to hire a legal advisor for individuals and businesses. Engaging an efficient lawyer is a critical step in any business. It is important to consult a good business lawyer to get legal help in most aspects of a business. Whether it is basic compliance, copyright issues, corporate mergers, lawsuits, liability or anything else, a business lawyer can suggest you about business laws and proceedings. Even in individual matters, hiring a legal advisor is the best decision one can take. This ensures an easy access to all legal provisions. Be it insurance claims, tax issues, family disputes or any other concern, proper legal advice at the right time can resolve problems at an early stage, before they turn into bigger problems.

For individuals and businesses, it is advisable to seek the help of a good legal advisor, who has the expertise and acumen of dealing with court proceedings in a specific area and can offer customised and best suited legal help as per the client’s needs. One can avail the best legal consultancy services by engaging a law firm.

Author:

Jeff Bill has more than decade experience in handling legal matter for individual and business in Canada. The author has written various popular articles on Immigration solution, criminal defense as well as spouse sponsorship in Canada.

Finding a Toronto Immigration Lawyer To Gain Citizenship As a Skilled Worker

Canada draws many different people from all over the world to visit it for the scenic views and abundant opportunities. Many people find themselves visiting Canada for the purpose of employment and then become settled and very happy with their surroundings and do not want to leave. For these people the prospect of returning to the country they are from is a daunting prospect and one they would rather not want to live out. These people are in a great place to apply for Canadian citizenship and should consult a Toronto immigration lawyer. Other factors that will impact your ability to apply for Canadian citizenship include your ability to fluently speak English and/or French. If you speak broken English or French it does not mean that it will be impossible for you receive citizenship however; it may be slightly more difficult. You should never evaluate your own situation. Retaining one of the many qualified Toronto immigration lawyers is the best way to gauge the likelihood of achieving citizenship. If you are a skilled worker and are a vital component of your employer’s business as well as financially stable you stand a great chance to achieve Canadian citizenship. The Federal Skilled Worker Application Package can be found and printed out online and may be submitted by you although; you would be better off consulting a Toronto immigration lawyer prior to filing it. The most minute mistake or wrong wording on an immigration application could cause it to be denied. In all legal matters it is vital to have the necessary knowledge to utilize all of your rights in a way that will increase the likelihood of a favorable outcome. If you happen to make a mistake on your application it could take months to correct it and by that time you may be forced out of the country. The fees associated with filing for Canadian citizenship can be substantial, consult one of many qualified Toronto immigration lawyers in order to minimize costs as much as possible. Being in good standing with your employer and other members of your community will greatly aid your application for Canadian citizenship. Be sure to have them all write recommendation letters for you so that you will stand a greater chance of achieving citizenship. Remember that every situation is different and only your attorney can accurately appraise your situation and inform you of the options you have.

About the Author Working with one of the many qualified Toronto Criminal Lawyers helps to ensure an equal field between the crown and the defendant. In many cases, the lawyer chosen serves as the only individual within the Canadian Justice System that stands on the same side as the defendant. It is the responsibility of a Toronto Criminal Lawyer to maintain an unbiased opinion of their client and act solely on their behalf.

Are Royal Assent, Pardons And Prorogation Fact Or Legal Fiction

Elizabeth II is the Head of State of the United Kingdom and fifteen other member states of the Commonwealth of Nations. These countries are constitutional monarchies, meaning that they operate under an essentially democratic constitution, the Queens principal role being to represent the state. Very often, she is viewed as a symbolic and apolitical personage with no real power. But is this entirely true? Does the Queen really possess purely nominal authority, or can she in fact exercise her will in any public action? This is not an easy question to answer. I will attempt to do so by focusing mainly on one of her most important theoretical prerogatives: the right to grant or deny royal assent to laws passed by Parliament.

A difficulty in judging the extent of the authority presently held by the monarchy lies in the fact that the British constitution has not been codified into one single document and much of it remains unwritten. The extensive power that the monarch once indisputably possessed, including the right to administer justice, dissolve Parliament or pardon crimes, was largely a matter of common law and not statute. What laws were codified (the Bill of Rights of 1689 and the Act of Settlement of 1701 standing among the most important) served more to restrict the Monarchs power than to entrench it. Thus, the residual powers still reserved to the Queen continue to be more a matter of constitutional convention than of written rules. Formally, no Act of the British Parliament becomes a proper law until it is given assent by the Queen. Yet in practice, Elizabeth II assents to all bills, irrespective of her opinion on them. The last time a British monarch rejected a law was in 1708, when Queen Anne vetoed the Scottish Militia Bill, and even then, she did so at the request of her ministers. Since then, the right of royal assent has fallen into disuse, leading some constitutional theorists to claim that a new convention obligating the monarch to assent to all bills has arisen. This view was famously stressed by Walter Bagehot in his 1867 volume The English Constitution:

…the Queen has no such veto. She must sign her own death-warrant if the two Houses unanimously send it up to her. It is a fiction of the past to ascribe to her legislative power. She has long ceased to have any.

In earlier generations, such a bold assertion of the monarchs supposed lack of power would have been unpardonable. Even I see some flaws in this theory. For one thing, the only evidence on which it stands (besides Bagehots claim) is custom. Even if all the monarchs since Queen Anne have assented to all bills presented to them, there is no formal change in any official policy that would indicate that the practice will be followed for the next bill. Additionally, if the Queen decided to withhold assent to a bill, what legal mechanism could force her to do otherwise? It would seem to me that in such an event, the veto could only be effectively circumvented by some kind of revolutionary act – as a minimum, by the Government refusing to respect the veto, which would undoubtedly lead to a constitutional crisis.

The situation is more clear-cut in Canada, which, unlike the United Kingdom, has a constitution that is largely written. The Constitution Act, 1867 clearly delineates the powers of the Crown. According to Section 55 of the Act, when the Governor General (the Queens representative in Canada) is presented with a bill that has been passed by Parliament, he may declare that he assents to it in the Queens name, that he withholds his assent, or that he reserves the bill for the signification of the Queens pleasure (letting the Queen decide the matter; according to Section 57, she may do so within two years after the Governor General receives the bill). Furthermore, as per Section 56, the Queen in Council (the Queen acting on the advice of her Privy Council) may disallow a law assented to by the Governor General within two years after receiving a copy of the law. Therefore, the Queen, together with the Governor General, does have the formal authority to veto a law passed by the Canadian Parliament. Nevertheless, no Governor General has done this since Confederation in 1867, although some provincial Lieutenant Governors have vetoed provincial laws or reserved them to the pleasure of the Governor General (under the authority of Section 90 of the Constitution Act, 1867). This happened most recently in 1963 when Saskatchewans Lieutenant Governor Frank Bastedo reserved a bill.

On top of that, there are instances in recent Commonwealth history of other royal prerogatives being directly exercised by the Crown against a governments wishes. Depending on the country, the crown may have extensive official powers, including the appointment of ministers, granting of pardons for eliminating criminal records, or calling an early election, and some of these have been exercised in person, especially during unclear political situations. A classic example is Governor General Byngs 1926 refusal to call a very early election at the request of Canadian Liberal Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, who wished to remain in power despite the stronger footing of the Conservative party in Parliament. Byng refused to do so; King was incensed by this supposed infringement on democracy, but Byng stood his ground. Another famous example was the dismissal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam by Australian Governor General John Kerr during the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlams controversial government did not have control of both houses of Parliament and he petitioned Kerr to call a half-senate election. Instead, Kerr dismissed him and appointed Malcolm Fraser, the leader of the Opposition, in his place.

The fact that the royal prerogative is rarely exercised, if at all, by the Queen and her representatives, appears to be more the product of a conventional good will on their part than an actual legal requirement. I hope Bagehot would pardon me if I surmised that he overdid it when he claimed that the Queen must sign her own death-warrant; what he was speaking about was more a matter of everyday practice as he saw it than a real summary of the standing law. After all, the monarchy seeks to stay popular and in todays age of democracy, its very existence depends on public approval.

Questions To Ask Top Uk Immigration Lawyers

Before you move to another country, you may want to take the time to talk to lawyers to find out what is required of you during this move. There are things that you will need to do differently in every country. Moving to the UK is not the same as moving to Brazil or Canada. You should ask the top UK immigration lawyers a few different things to make sure that you do not make a mistake that could make it impossible for you to move to the country. If you work things out with them beforehand, you can save yourself a lot of time and trouble. Below are a few things that should be addressed.

First of all, you need to ask about the paperwork. Becoming a citizen of another country is not easy. There will be many forms that you have to fill out. You will need to provide proof that you really are who you claim to be. If you have a family, you will also need to provide these things for each member. The sooner you can get this process started, the better. Ask the lawyer what paperwork you will need and where you can get it. You can then start to get things in order long before you want to move.

Next, you may want to ask about your children. If they are born in the UK, are they automatically citizens even though you are from somewhere else? Do they have a choice between the two countries? Is it possible for them to get dual citizenship so that they can live wherever they would like? It is good to ask about these things even if you do not plan to have any children at this time. You still should know what the ramifications of the move will be for anyone in your family. You need to find out what will be required later if you do end up having children. It is possible to come back to the lawyers and ask these questions later, but it is often best to do this before you move just in case it will impact your decision.

Finally, you should ask about the cost. What types of fees are there? Are there any expenses that you may not have considered? You will already have some idea about the cost of the move as far as travel and transportation are concerned. You need to know about any other fees so that you can make sure that you have enough money. You do not want to be surprised by a bill that you did not expect. If you are, it could make it financially impossible for you to carry your plans.

Experience Best Overseas Immigration With Immigration Overseas

Immigration is all about exploring the rich prospects that caters towards the goodwill at every step.
There are several benefits that attract high group of targeted candidates from different parts of the globe. Some of the benefits related to migration are:
Innovative educational environment
Skilled professional opportunities
Varying business opportunities
Great pension and health care benefits
For choosing choosing and migrating towards your dreamland, there are certain pain points that need to be evaluated and accomplished in order to expand the migration ground. The immigration is a term that is constantly expanding its arm in terms of daunting rules and regulations that a country put forward, keeping the entire legal process, ensuring security of the country from every sense.

In this regard, visa consultant in Delhi are refraining the entire procedure keeping in mind the individual qualification of every migrant and thereby relocating them to various countries. They are the one who is cherishing the lives of people by helping them migrate and settle in a new destination country. Being in touch with the rules and regulations of various countries, these professionals guide the candidates well licensing towards a legally governed procedure and securing their dream at every step. Their vision is clearly projected in their work as they offer an effective, often responsive and a transparent consulting environment that is completely invoked with professionalism. Immigration consultants work collectively with the migrants holding their aspirations well treating every individual with due importance and often meeting the deadlines in a very affluent manner. They are the immigration professionals who are collectively genius striving for honesty and professionalism very often. Migrants are thus seeking for the representation by these immigration consultants in Delhi with the hope of fulfilling the dream of migrating to a new destination in an easy way without any complication and boundations.

Immigration Overseas is a registered organization that has been offering best of the overseas immigration services catering towards the needs of the aspirants and increasing the ambition of those who are willing to migrate and settle in a new country. Our immigration law firm is headed by well experienced migration lawyers the skilled immigration consultants in Delhi, who provide quality guidance and associating immigration services to every candidate seeking migration. Immigration Overseas is a name to reckon regarding the visa services, securing dreams of thousands of aspirants worldwide. With offices in countries like Australia and Canada and are thus extending very strong and elongated service arm worldwide. Our vision as an immigration law firm is to help the clients with complete migration related assistance creating a strong podium for them to migrate easily. Immigration Overseas thus through sole representation of its professionals is creating better immigration future tomorrow presenting vivid podium of visa consultation, documentation, job assistance and complete range of pre and post landing assistance.

We welcome clients from every field of life, including healthcare, finance, fashion and even multinational corporations.

Defining The Parameters Of Limitation Periods In Personal Injury Actions

A limitation period is a stated period of time, the expiry of which extinguishes a party’s legal remedy and forbids the commencement of a legal action. Each province in Canada has general statutes of limitations and many provincial and federal statutes contain limitation periods applicable to a variety of causes of actions. Traditionally, limitation periods have been strictly enforced. More recently, the subject of when time begins to run has received greater attention from our courts.

The discoverability rule has evolved fairly recently in our civil jurisprudence.1 It gives relief in certain factual situations by extending a limitation period. According to the discoverability rule, a limitation period begins to run when the material facts upon which an action is based have been discovered, or ought to have been discovered by the plaintiff through the exercise of due diligence. The effect of the rule is to postpone the running of time until a reasonable person, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, would discover the facts necessary to maintain the action.2 It is a general rule applied to avoid injustice.

It is now over two years since the Supreme Court of Canada upheld the Ontario Court of Appeal’s decision in Peixeiro v. Haberman. Justice Major in Peixeiro adopted Taddle’s J. A.’s statement in Fehr v. Jacob (1993), 14 C.C.L.T. (2d) 200 (Man. C.A.) at 206, which is as follows:

In my opinion, the judge-made discoverability rule is nothing more than a rule of construction. Whenever a statute requires an action to be commenced within a specified time from the happening of a specific event, the statutory language must be construed. When time runs from “the accrual of the cause of action” or from some other event which can be construed as occurring only when the injured party has knowledge of the injury sustained, the judge-made discoverability rule applies. But, when time runs from an event which clearly occurs without regard to the injured party’s knowledge, the judge-made discoverability rule may not extend the period the legislature has prescribed.

In Peixeiro the court concluded that the limitation period under the Ontario Highway Traffic Act did not start to run in a personal injury action arising out of an automobile accident until the plaintiff discovered facts that could sustain a claim that his or her injuries met the threshold under the Insurance Act.

Since Peixeiro, the discoverability rule has enjoyed broad application in Ontario in motor vehicle actions and actions against municipalities and the provincial crown. As such there is now a body of jurisprudence on the scope and application of Peixeiro. The purpose of this paper is to review the way Ontario courts have applied Peixeiro in the context of personal injury litigation so that the parameters of the present authorities in the area of motor vehicle actions and actions against municipalities and the provincial crown can be better understood and defined